The Journal of the American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc.



August 2019, Volume 46, No. 8

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Our programs in Zoo & Aquarium Science give you the training you need to grow and advance in your field.

Small class sizes and professional faculty guarantee you a personal education with the individual attention

you deserve.

ANIMAL ; AW BEHAVIOR A more personal education


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Red Panda Management: Evolving Set-ups During Different Breeding and Housing Recommendations

Jill Dignan


Acclimating the Red Pandas to their New Exhibit

Patricia Jarvis


African Penguins: The cold truth Katy Massey

Pages 213-216


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MISSION STATEMENT American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc. yaw The American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc. exists to AME RICAN advance excellence in the animal keeping profession, foster effective communication beneficial to animal care, ASSOCIATION ; ; support deserving conservation projects, and promote the of ZOO KEEPERS preservation of our natural resources and animal life.


This month's cover photo comes to us from Jill Dignan of Lincoln Park Zoo and features a red panda (Ailurus fulgens). The red panda's name is Clark. He was the male cub born on June 26, 2015 with his sister Addison. They were the first red panda cubs ever born at Lincoln Park Zoo. To read more about the red pandas at Lincoln Park Zoo, see pages 208 - 211.

Red pandas, like giant pandas, are bamboo eaters native to Asia’s high forests. Despite these similarities and their shared name, the two species are not closely related. Red pandas are much smaller than giant pandas and are the only living member of their taxonomic family. Red pandas share the giant panda's pseudo-thumb, a modified wrist bone used to grasp bamboo when feeding.

Articles sent to Animal Keepers’ Forum will be reviewed by the editorial staff for publication. Articles of a research or technical nature will be submitted to one or more of the zoo professionals who serve as referees for AKF. No commitment is made to the author, but an effort will be made to publish articles as soon as possible. Lengthy articles may be separated into monthly installments at the discretion of the Editor. The Editor reserves the right to edit material without consultation unless approval is requested in writing by the author. Materials submitted will not be returned unless accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed, appropriately-sized envelope. Telephone, fax or e-mail contributions of late- breaking news or last-minute insertions are accepted as space allows. Phone (330) 483- 1104; FAX (330) 483-1444; e-mail is If you have questions about submission guidelines, please contact the Editor. Submission guidelines are also found at:

Deadline for each regular issue is the 3% of the preceding month. Dedicated issues may have separate deadline dates and will be noted by the Editor.

Articles printed do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the AKF staff or the American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc. Publication does not indicate endorsement by the Association.

Items in this publication may be reprinted providing credit to this publication is given and a copy of the reprinted material is forwarded to the Editor. If an article is shown to be separately copyrighted by the author(s), then permission must be sought from the author(s). Reprints of material appearing in this journal may be ordered from the Editor. Regular back issues are available for $6.00 each. Special issues may cost more.

MEMBERSHIP SERVICES Animal Data Transfer Forms available for download at AAZK Publications/Logo Products/ Apparel available at AAZK Administrative Office or at


P.O. Box 535, Valley City, OH 44280 330-483-1104

AAZK Administrative Office American Association of Zoo Keepers 8476 E. Speedway Blvd. Suite 204 Tucson, AZ 85710-1728

520-298-9688 (Phone/Fax)



Shane Good, Shane.Good


Elizabeth Thibodeaux, Elizabeth. ENRICHMENT OPTIONS COLUMN COORDINATORS Stephanie Miner, Julie Hartell-DeNardo,

Beth Stark-Posta, Beth Ament-Briggs


Kim Kezer, Jay Pratte, Angela Binney


ANIMAL WELFARE COLUMN COORDINATORS Stephanie Miner, Julie Hartell-DeNardo,

Beth Stark-Posta, Beth Ament-Briggs


VICE PRESIDENT: Mary Ann Cisneros, Ethics Chair


Program Chair: Rebecca Filippini, BOARD MEMBER: Bill Steele, Bill.

Awards Committee

Co-Chairs: Jan McCoy and Erika Mittelman, Vice Chair: Autumn Lindey,

Grants Committee

Chair: Jessica Biggins,

Vice Chair: Stacie Bockheim,

BOARD MEMBER: Nicole Pepo, Conservation Committee

Chair: Saul Bauer,

Vice Chair: Vacant

Bowling for Rhinos Program

Program Manager: Kym Janke,

Vice Manager: Matthew Mills,

Trees for You and Me Program

Program Manager: Christy Mazrimas-Ott, Vice Manager: Vacant

BOARD OVERSIGHT: Ellen Vossekuil, Professional Development Committee

Chair: : Kerri D’Ancicco, Kerri.D’

Vice Chair: Janine Bartling,

International Outreach Committee

Chair: Yvette Kemp,

Vice Chair: Noah Shields, |


Communication Committee

Chair: James Weinpress,

Vice Chair: Neil Miller,

AAZK Resource Committee

Chair: Robin Sutker,

Vice Chair - Jenny Owens,

National Zoo Keeper Week Program

Program Manager: Kristen Scaglione, Vice Manager - Jenna Schmidt, BOARD MEMBER: Paul Brandenburger, Behavioral Husbandry Committee

Chair: Megan Wright,

Vice Chair: Vacant

Safety Committee

Chair: Kelly Murphy, Kelly.

Vice Chair: Sara Morris,


AAZK is better —and stronger— because of you. Be precise.

Be relevant. Be accessible. Be credible.


As you read this issue of the Animal Keeper’s Forum, the next great AAZK event will be approaching the starting line: the 45 annual AAZK National Conference in Indianapolis, Indiana. Our host, the Indianapolis AAZK Chapter, will show us how to “Drive Animal Conservation” as we delve into an extraordinary program that includes topics on advanced elephant husbandry, advanced marine mammal husbandry, and keeper safety, just to name a few. The featured keynote speaker is 2018 Indianapolis Prize nominee, Dr. Ian Singleton, who will waive the starting flag for an exciting week of professional networking, learning and conservation awareness.

Serendipity is the occurrence and development of events by chance in a beneficial way. I originally joined the Board as an interim member in January of 2015, at the invitation of then current President, Bob Cisneros. I was asked to step in as the oversight for the Communication Committee and so began my journey with AAZK in a leadership role.

When I was voted in by the membership to join the AAZK Board of Directors at the National Conference in 2015, I became part of a team that would make an impact on the future of the Association. I have served many roles while part of this team; as Board Oversight for Professional Development, International Outreach, Communication, AAZK Resources, and National Zoo Keeper Week, as well as AAZK Conference Manager. My most rewarding role began when I was sworn in as President, during the Association’s 50" anniversary year, in our nation’s capital, in 2017.

The most challenging part of being President for me was writing my message for the Animal Keeper’s Forum each month. Now, as my term on the Board comes to an end, I feel as though I’ve found my voice. I’ve grown personally and professionally during these past four years. I’ve made a network of friends and colleagues that I will take with me into the future. From the bottom of my heart, I thank you for this opportunity.

I hope each of you will continue to share your passion by recruiting new members to the profession, to AAZK and to your Chapters. Continue to network with your peers and seek professional development opportunities to become the very best that you can be in your field. Be champions for conservation through AAZK programs locally and globally. And challenge yourselves to have excellent communication with one another. I believe that communication is interwoven into everything we do as animal care professionals and is the most important tool we have to keep us engaged with our profession, our animals and our communities.

AAZK is better—and stronger—because of you. Be precise. Be relevant. Be accessible. Be credible.

I’m looking forward to seeing you in Indianapolis, or wherever our paths cross again in the future.




September 7-11, 2019 AZA and IMATA Annual Conference

New Orleans, LA

Hosted by Audubon Zoo and Audubon Aquarium

of the Americas

For more information go to:

September 30 - Oct. 4, 2019 New World Primate TAG Husbandry Workshop

New Bedford, MA

Hosted by

Buttonwood Park Zoo

For more information go to: conference-registration/

October 17-18, 2019

Animal Training Workshop

Kansas City, MO

Hosted by Kansas City Zoo

For more information go to: http://kansascityzoo.doubleknot. com/event/kansas-city-zoo-animal- training-workshop/2502109

September 22-27, 2019 ASSOCIATION OF ZOO VETERINARY TECHNICIANS Annual Conference

Colorado Springs, CO

Hosted by

Cheyenne Mountain Zoo

For more information go to:

October 7-11, 2019

Giraffe Care Workshop

Colorado Springs, CO

Hosted by

Cheyenne Mountain Zoo

For more information go to: giraffe-care-workshop/

November 4-7, 2019

Polar Bear Workshop Toronto, Ontario, Canada Hosted by Toronto Zoo

For more information go to: products/1099943-polar-bear- workshop-2019.aspx

Post upcoming events here! e-mail

September 27-28, 2019 International Advancing Herpetological Husbandry Conference

Rodeo, NM

For more information go to:

October 7-11, 2019

"From Good Care to Great Welfare" workshop

Detroit, MI

Hosted by Detroit Zoological Society’s Center for Zoo and Aquarium Animal Welfare

and Ethics. For more information go to:

April 4-9, 2020

AZA Mid-Year Meeting

Palm Springs, CA

Hosted by The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens.

For more information go to:

September 13-17, 2020

AZA Annual Conference Columbus, OH

Hosted by the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium

For more information go to:

August 2019 | Vol. 46 No. 8| 207

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Red Panda Management:

Evolving Set-ups During

Different Breeding and Housing -


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At Lincoln Park Zoo we have had several different breeding pairs of red pandas (Ailuras fulgens) but it wasn’t until

2015 that we had our first confirmed pregnancy. Keepers had observed breeding on multiple different occasions in February 2015 from the pair and

we were able to verify that our female was pregnant with at least two cubs

via transabdominal ultrasound imaged during voluntary training witha veterinarian (Figure 1). Being that this was the first pregnancy of a red panda at our facility, we went with a conservative approach in the management style for her impending birth.

Being that this was the first pregnancy of a red panda at our facility, we went with a conservative approach in the management style for her impending birth.

Leafa, our 5-year-old female, had previous successful litters at other Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA)-accredited institutions. Although she was experienced, this was a first for the zoo and we decided that it would be best if we secured her inside our holding area, separate from our male, Phoenix. Our holding area is completely indoors and not visible to the public (Figure 2). It is temperature controlled at a range of 65-75 degrees, has several different nest boxes to choose from and above all, Leafa was very comfortable in the area. Both pandas are housed together year- round; however neither tends to seek one another out for companionship, so separating the two for approximately four months didn’t pose as a stressful situation to either panda.

Cameras were installed in both nest boxes and two months prior to the estimated due date, staff monitored Leafa via weekly weights and ultrasound imaging with veterinarians. Pre and post-natal plans were written up and about two weeks prior to impending birth, Leafa and Phoenix were separated and Leafa was kept off-exhibit. On

June 27, 2015, Lincoln Park Zoo’s first ever red panda cubs were born. Both healthy, the male and female cub thrived in the nest box and Leafa showcased her natural maternal instincts. Per standard red panda cubbing history, both cubs remained in the nest box for several months following birth. Just past two months old, Clark (male) and Addison (female) started to venture

out into their den area and it was time to talk about giving them access to

the outside habitat. Although our den area is set up great for inside housing,

Figure 2. Indoor denning area.

Figure 3. Transfer hallway training.

it is not ideal for housing two separate groups of pandas. In order to let Leafa and the cubs go outside, we would need to secure Phoenix in holding. Phoenix historically is a reliable shifter and

for the most part is comfortable being in the indoor space. However, once

all pandas are in, there is no way to

get the group shifted outside without introducing them. Keeper staff came up with a solution and we made a transfer hallway using baffle boards. Keepers set up multiple boards that made a runway from one holding den to the other via the keeper vestibule (Figure 3). Leafa and the cubs were secured in the overhead chute that connected the two dens, and within two training sessions, Phoenix was trained to follow the keepers in a free contact setting from one den to the other.

This set-up worked well and keepers were able to put the pandas ona rotation that allowed each group to get time in the outdoor habitat. Within

one week of utilizing the boards with Phoenix, Leafa and the cubs were also trained to follow in the keeper runway, which allowed for keeper flexibility. Although this set-up did work, it was taxing on keeper staff in regards to set-up and time. It also became an issue when one group of pandas didn’t shift back inside, which then didn’t allow the other group to go outside. Once the cubs were acclimated to the outdoor habitat and shifting reliably, an introduction plan was written up in hopes that we could house all four pandas together

to allow everyone to have the choice of where they wanted to spend their time. In general, Phoenix was a male witha calm demeanor and we did not have any reservations moving forward.

Keepers began the process slowly

and introductions with just Leafa and Phoenix started at the end of September and continued for two weeks without incident. Introductions commenced with the group in mid-October when the cubs were now just shy of four months old. Although Leafa didn’t let Phoenix get very close, he was respectful of their space and did his own thing. The cubs were curious, but not intrusive and all introductions were going well.

Five days after supervised introductions had started, Clark slipped from a

August 2019] Vol. 46 No. 8| 209

Figure 4. Den connected to the outdoor habitat.

platform and landed directly in front of Phoenix. Phoenix paused for a moment but then jumped onto Clark and was on top of him and appeared to be biting him with no signs of letting up. Clark was vocalizing and resisting and keepers were about to intervene when Leafa jumped down and ran Phoenix away. There were no injuries sustained, but keepers were uncomfortable with the situation and it was decided not to move forward with the original introduction plans. For the next three months, we housed the groups separate and shifted them via the keeper runway two times a day. In January, we switched the groups up, as we received another breeding recommendation from the SSP. The cubs were separated from Leafa and housed together and both parents were reintroduced with no issues. This set up was maintained until late winter/early spring when both cubs were transferred to other AZA institutions.

Once again, breeding had been observed and another pregnancy for Leafa

was confirmed via transabdominal ultrasound imaged during voluntary training with a veterinarian. Due to the time constraints that the previous year’s set-up had caused, keeper staff wanted to try something new for Leafa’s upcoming birth. We reached out to several other institutions and came up with a plan and presented it to management. It was agreed upon that moving forward, in hopes that both Leafa and Phoenix would be more comfortable, we would not separate


pandas and they would be housed together during pre and postnatal care. This would allow for Leafa to have more choices and options as to where she wanted to spend her time and give birth. It would also give Phoenix the opportunity to be around the cubs at

a younger age, which would hopefully allow him to gain some confidence and not be nervous around them.

Leafa gave birth on June 23, 2016 inside, but not in the den we had chosen for her the previous year. This den was the one connected to the outdoor habitat, which required Phoenix to shift through in order to come directly inside (Figure 4). The first two weeks after birth, keeper staff did not see him inside. Typically, all food is offered in the holding areas, but staff adjusted protocol due to the new situation and provided food outside. After the initial few weeks, Phoenix started to shift inside again but kept his distance from the nest box. If he got

too close, Leafa would chase him away, but these interactions decreased daily. Within one month, it appeared that both adults were comfortable with the current set-up and both were shifting reliably. Leafa was even choosing to spend some time outside and away from the cubs. Once the cubs, Sheffield (male) and Waveland (female) started to venture out of the box, it was clear that the new set-up was a success. The interactions between the cubs and Phoenix were enjoyable for keepers to observe, as they were often seen playing and sleeping together (Figure 5).

Figure 6. Lincoln Park Zoo's red panda staff.

After we received Species Survival

Plan (SSP) recommendations for the upcoming breeding season, we were told that not only did we not have a breeding recommendation but we also had a hold on the cubs and they would be staying at Lincoln Park Zoo for the following year. This again put us in

a new situation and staff discussed

our options. We knew that the adults needed to be separated seasonally for birth control methods but there were still concerns about separating Phoenix from the cubs for three months and then re-introducing based on previous experience. We did not want to put ourselves in the situation where we had to house two different groups for an indefinite amount of time. We reached out again to some other facilities and found out that most issues tended to happen when males were reintroduced with other males. With that information we decided that we were going to separate the females and males. There was a lot of back and forth between staff about what was best for the group long- term, as we knew separating the cubs from one another was going to be tough in the beginning. It was decided that the short-term stress of the situation would be worth the end result of being able

to reintroduce all four pandas together after breeding season was over.

The first few days following the separation were challenging, mostly for Sheffield. He vocalized often and was seen climbing the mesh, which was not typical behavior for him. However,

Figure 5. Red panda family photo.

within 1-2 days, all pandas seemed to settle down and were back to eating and shifting normally. Both Leafa and Waveland were playing and sleeping together as were Phoenix and Sheffield. The groups were housed like this for the breeding season (3+ months) and then were successfully reintroduced with no issues. They continued to live in this arrangement for the following year, until both cubs were transferred together to another zoo.

Being given different situations for the same breeding pair truly made the

staff evaluate each set up individually. This allowed us to assess each specific animal, their individual welfare, what was best for them and what also worked well for the group. Being flexible, willing to try new things and reaching out to others for information was a huge part of our success. It should also be noted that once again, we did not have

a breeding recommendation and had

to separate Leafa and Phoenix for the 2018 breeding season. Keepers came up with a time solution in regards to shifting across the keeper area and

have now implemented it using a baby

gate, instead of the board system, which cuts down on keeper time and only one keeper is needed. This was a team effort and couldn't have been done without creativity, compromise and dedication. Shout out to Anthony Neilsen, Allycia Darst, Christopher Donahoe, Samantha Emberton, Laszlo Szilagyi, Mark Kahmhout and Dave Bernier for working together and making our set up a success for both animals and keepers

alike (Figure 6). (9

August 2019] Vol. 46 No. 8| 211



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Annual Report 2018

AAZK traditionally recognizes its Chapter partners during the AAZK National Conference during the Awards Ceremony with a PowerPoint backdrop (loop) presentation of Awards. Below is a list of the Chapter partner Fee/Duty Obligations by recognition category followed by both AKF and Committee support, either undefined or directed by the Chapter Partner, where the support is defined.


$2000.00 and Above Little Rock AAZK Chapter Wildlife World Chapter


$1000.00 - $1999.99 Santa Fe Teaching College Zoo Student Chapter

Topeka Zoo Chapter Detroit Chapter

Omaha Chapter

Greater Cleveland Chapter Greater Houston Chapter Puget Sound Chapter Toronto Zoo Chapter


$500.00 - $999.99 Birmingham Zoo Chapter Phoenix AAZK Chapter

Los Angeles Zoo Chapter San Diego Chapter California Desert Chapter Orange County Chapter Fresno Chaffee Zoo Chapter San Francisco Zoo Chapter Bay Area Chapter

Redwood Coast Chapter Greater Sacramento Chapter Safari West Chapter

Rocky Mountain Chapter National Capital Chapter Jacksonville Chapter

Palm Beach Zoo Chapter Lion Country Safari Chapter Georgia Chapter

Brookfield Chapter

Lincoln Park Chapter Indianapolis Chapter

Little Turtle Chapter Potawatomi Zoo Chapter

New Orleans Chapter

Zoo New England Chapter

Greater Baltimore Chapter

St. Louis Chapter

Kansas City Zoo Chapter

Ozarks Chapter

North Carolina Chapter

Cape May County Zoo Chapter

New York City Chapter

Rosamond Gifford Zoo Chapter

Seneca Park Zoo Chapter

Akron Zoo Chapter

Columbus Chapter

Toledo Zoo Chapter

Greater Cincinnati Chapter

Tulsa Zoo Chapter

Pittsburgh Chapter

Greater Philadelphia Chapter

Elmwood Park Zoo Chapter

Delaware Valley University Student Chapter

Greenville Zoo Chapter

Nashville Chapter

Memphis Zoo Chapter

Chattanooga Chapter

Dallas Zoo Chapter

Galveston Chapter

San Antonio Chapter

Utah Chapter

Tidewater Chapter

Point Defiance Chapter

Milwaukee County Zoo Chapter

Bronze Up to $499.99 Midnight Sun Chapter America’s Teaching Zoo Student Chapter Cheyenne Mountain Zoo Chapter Southern Colorado Chapter Connecticut’s Chapter

Brandywine Zoo Chapter Brevard Chapter Greater Orlando Chapter South Florida Chapter Tampa Bay Chapter Naples Chapter lowa Chapter Heart of Illinois Chapter Scovill Zoo Chapter Central Illinois Chapter Mesker Park Zoo Chapter Louisville Zoo Chapter Baton Rouge Zoo Chapter Red River of Louisiana Chapter Chesapeake Chapter Potter Park Chapter Battle Creek Chapter Minnesota Zoo Chapter Greater Kansas City Chapter North Carolina Piedmont Chapter Greater New Jersey

Alliance Chapter Northern Nevada Chapter ABQ Chapter Oklahoma City Zoo Chapter Portland Chapter Roger Williams Park Zoo Chapter Riverbanks Zoo and

Garden Chapter Smoky Mountain Chapter High Forest Chapter Cameron Park Chapter Red River Chapter El Paso del Norte Chapter Rio Grande Valley Chapter Roanoke Valley Chapter Rainier Chapter Green Bay Chapter Assiniboine Park Zoo Chapter

Annual Contribution to AAZK $1000.00 or greater

Little Rock Chapter

Wildlife World Zoo Chapter Topeka Chapter

Detroit Chapter

Omaha Chapter

Greater Cleveland Chapter Puget Sound Chapter

Toronto Zoo Chapter

AKF Sponsorship


Little Rock Chapter

National Capital Chapter

Lion Country Safari Chapter Ozarks Chapter

Rosamond Gifford Zoo Chapter Milwaukee Chapter

Wildlife World Zoo Chapter Cape May County Zoo Chapter Jacksonville Chapter

Topeka Chapter

AAZK Trees for You and Me Program Support


Brandywine Chapter Nashville Chapter

Georgia Chapter

Lincoln Park Chapter

Undefined Committee Support $250.00

Birmingham Zoo Chapter Orange County Chapter Chesapeake Chapter

San Francisco Zoo Chapter Southern Colorado Chapter Greater Orlando Chapter Brookfield Chapter

Dear Friends,

AAZK is once again pleased to offer our member partners a transparent view into AAZK through our 2018 Annual Report. AAZK continues to be at the forefront of animal welfare and continuing education for animal care professionals

The Animal Keepers’ Forum has been continually published in varying forms since 1968. Editor Shane Good reports on the AKF, highlighted by an issue dedicated to Population Management sponsored by the AZA Population Management Centers, Riverbanks Zoological Garden and San Diego Zoo Global.

2018 marked the first year of the presidential term of Bethany Bingham. Bethany reports on the goals of AAZK and continuing education moving forward through Strategic Planning and AAZK Conferences.

President's Message

In 2018, the Board of Directors began the process of creating strategic plans for each of the AAZK Committees and Programs. This process is an in-depth focus on the strengths, weaknesses and objectives for each committee and program, and development of a three to five year timeline for goal completion. The strategic plans will be completed for all 12 of the Committees and Programs.

The annual AAZK National Conference offers delegates the opportunity to travel to a variety of different destinations to meet and network with other animal care professionals from across the country. An AAZK Conference also provides a unique destination learning experience through a selection of Professional Certificate Courses offering 12 hours of student-instructor contact time in the selected subject matter. Registrants complete a post-course testing process that results in the awarding of a Professional Certificate of completion.

Bethany Bingham AAZK President


In 2018, National AAZK’s Conservation Committee continues to manage AAZK’s signature conservation programs; Bowling for Rhinos (BFR) and Trees for You and Me (TFYM).

The 2018 BFR saw 86 events and numerous donations in North America and beyond which raised $580,900.22. Funds were distributed to our international conservation partners, International Rhino Foundation, Lewa Wildlife Conservancy, and Action for Cheetahs in Kenya. A portion (2%) of the funds is set aside for the Bowling for Rhinos Conservation Resource Grant. In 2018 the BFR- CRG was awarded to the Peregrine Fund for “Stop Poisoning Now: tackling wildlife poisoning in Kenya”.

AAZK awards approximately $40,000 in member grants annually. A number of those grants concentrate on conservation. Mary

Ann Cisneros, Vice President and Board Member Oversight for Conservation reports on the AAZK fund-raising efforts in 2018 for our two signature conservation programs.

Ed Hansen


Questions regarding the AAZK Annual Report may be directed to Ed.

Total Distribution $581,905.22

Distribution of

BFR Funds Lewa Wildlife Conservancy $272,522.97 a Action for Cheetahs AAZK/BFR Conservation in Kenya Resource Grant $ 44,637.42 $ 11,159.36

TFYM surpassed $20,000 for the first time in 2018. Grant funds were distributed to the Red Panda Network’s Asian Division and Save the Golden Lion Tamarin. The grant recipients further AAZK and Polar Bears International’s quest to fight climate change through reforestation and habitat revitalization.

The BFR and TFYM grants protect and preserve animals in the wild and the habitat in which they reside.

Mary Ann Cisneros AAZK Vice-President

Animal Keepers’ Forum

The Animal Keepers’ Forum continues to be the main communication tool

for members, sponsors and advertisers. The monthly journal shares quality articles submitted by our members and supporters through features such as Training Tales, Enrichment Options and Conservation Station. This year we were excited to offer our members a special issue dedicated to Waterfowl, and recently an entire issue focused on Aquatics. The AKF highlights best practices and innovations in animal care, conservation success stories, plus training and enrichment ideas. Animal care professionals share and learn from experiences shared by their colleagues, and we are always interested in hearing from you. If you have comments for the Editor or would like to submit an article or cover

photo— please e-mail

Thank You!


» Editor, Shane Good

» Graphic Designer, Elizabeth Thibodeaux

» Enrichment Options Coordinators Julie Hartell-DeNardo, Stephanie Miner, Beth Stark-Posta, Beth Ament-Briggs

» Training Tales Coordinators Kim Kezer, Jay Pratte, Angela Binney

» Conservation Station Coordinator Philip Fensterer

» Animal Welfare Coordinators

Julie Hartell-DeNardo, Stephanie Miner,

Beth Stark-Posta, Beth Ament-Briggs

List of Contributors to the Preservation of All Species in Asia and Africa

Bowling for Rhinos 2018

Sondaicus $50,000 and Up

Los Angeles Chapter

Sumatrensis $15,000 to $49,999

Greater Cincinnati Chapter Lincoln Park Chapter Oklahoma City Chapter San Diego Chapter Zarraffa’s Foundation LTD

Unicornis $5,000 - $14,999

ABQ Chapter

Brookfield Chapter Columbus Chapter

Dallas Chapter Dreamworld Australia Ferrell Gas/Blue Rhino Fresno Chapter

Friends of Zoo Boise Greater Baltimore Chapter Greater Houston Chapter Greater Orlando Chapter Henry Doorly Zoo Chapter Indianapolis Chapter lowa Chapter Jacksonville Chapter Kansas City Zoo Chapter* Little Turtle Chapter Mesker Park Zoo Chapter Milwaukee Chapter

Nashville Zoo/Nashville Zoo Chapter

North Carolina Chapter

Ozarks Chapter

Phoenix Chapter*

Pittsburgh Chapter

Point Defiance Chapter

Potter Park Zoo Chapter

Puget Sound Chapter

Riverbanks Chapter

San Antonio Chapter

St. Louis Chapter

South Florida Chapter

Tampa Bay Chapter

Tidewater Chapter

Toledo Chapter

Toronto Chapter

Tulsa Chapter

Utah Chapter

Vanguard Charitable - Steffi Fund

Zoological Society of Buffalo/ Buffalo Zoo Keepers

Bicornis $1000 - $4999

Akron Zoo Chapter

Baton Rouge Chapter

Battle Creek Chapter Brandywine Zoo Chapter Brevard Chapter

Cape May County Zoo Chapter

Cheyenne Mountain Zoo Chapter

Elmwood Park Zoo Chapter Erie Zoo Keepers

Galveston Chapter

Greater Kansas City Chapter

Greater New Jersey Alliance Chapter Greater Philadelphia Chapter Greater Sacramento Chapter Heart of Illinois Chapter Lion Country Safari Chapter Memphis Chapter National Capital Chapter New England Chapter New Orleans Chapter New York City Chapter Northern Nevada Chapter Potawatomi Zoo Chapter Rio Grande Valley Chapter Roger Williams Chapter Rosamond Gifford Chapter Safari West Chapter San Francisco Chapter Santa Fe College Student Chapter Seneca Park Zoo Chapter Smoky Mountain Chapter

Simum Up to $999

Jason Akel*

Myra Akel*

Assiniboine Park Zoo Chapter Lourdes Barclay*

Bay Area Chapter

Lindsay Brand

Elizabeth Brooks

Robert Brooks

Nick Burgan-lllig

Kay Lynn Carpenter Chattanooga Zoo Chapter Laura Choukri*

Julie Coe

Connecticut’s Chapter Dan Dan

Mary Germann

Marie Goodkin

Green Bay Chapter Laurie Adair Guillot Adrianne Holmes Penny Jolly

Karen King

Lindsey King

Jon Kosmark

Cyndi Kutzki

Thomas Lewis

Lion Country Safari Tamara Loera*

Blair Malato

Cheryl Mays

Kayla McCurry

Patrick Mooney

Cheryl Morris

Naples AAZK Chapter NC Piedmont Chapter Novus International Allison Padgett

Red River Louisiana Chapter Redwood Coast AAZK Chapter Rocky Mountain Chapter Bonnie Rekett

Susan Sagan

Robert Salvatore*

Ann Station

Erin Storie*

Dale and Catesby Suter Linda Zunas

*Funds received after 2017 Deadline - combined with 2018 BFR Funds



11,159.36 | Bethany Bingham, President Utah’s Hogle Zoo 6,750.00 Salt Lake City, UT

23,507.38 Mary Ann Cisneros - Vice President 37,318.00 Disney’s Animal Kingdom Lake Buena Vista, FL

BFR Registration Fee

BFR Dedicated Program Income BFR CRG BFR Trip Retention

Conference Income

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Non-member Job Posting 3,198.10

Bill Steele, Board Member

133,642.30 Chicago Zoological Society 10,241.87 Brookfield Zoo

Brookfield, IL

Paul Brandenburger 29,139.10 Maryland Zoo in Baltimore 201.59 Baltimore, MD


Product Sales

Re-charter Fee & Duty Obligation 63,624.76 Advertising

Tax/ Utility Refunds Ellen Vossekuil

Professional and Legal Fees $ 3,050.00 Taxes (business) 73.00


Web Revision and Management | $ 1,358.38

Zoo Keeping Textbook Purchase and Distribution $ 1,131.12

Total Expenses $ 276,185.99

Elizabeth Thibodeaux Graphic Designer Cleveland, OH

Professional Student Total

Office Rent $ 13,166.40 Total Income 304,777.58 Ochsner Park and Zoo Payroll Fee $ 2,388.93 Baraboo, WI Payroll Taxes $ 22,841.24 = Nicole Pepo § RoTets rm January 1,2019 | North Carolina Zoological Park Pension Management Fee $ 1,273.00 es) : R os Postage and Delivery $ 2,696.56 AJ Print and Production $ 1,712.65 Cais. cr0/GFO Product Expense $ 5,138.19 Tucson, AZ Program Expense $ 1,500.00 Kendall Emmett een ; Institutional | 161 | fice Assistant alaries and Wages 61,356.36 AKF Postage and Delivery $ 17,504.14 Shane Good AKF Printing $ 54,726.00 ditor, inima eepers’ Forum

American Association of Zoo Keepers (520) 298-9688 | |

The mission of The American Association of Zoo Keepers is to advance excellence in the animal keeping profession, foster effective ASSOCIATION communication beneficial to animal care, support deserving Seer | conservation projects, and promote the preservation of our natural of ZOO KEEPERS resources and animal life.

216 | 2018 AAZK Annual Report

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Check our website for 2% ; Lions Tigers & Bears er Opportunities = » Big Cat & Exotic Animal Rescue Beene, | and Education Center

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Learn about Big Cat Management. Internship involves Animal Care Apprenticeship and Public Education. We offer experience that counts towards employment.


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Recognized by their thick red fur, red pandas (Ailurus fulgens) are the only living member of the family Ailuridae and are known to be elusive in the wild. Red pandas live in mountainous areas

in primarily broad-leaf deciduous and subalpine forests (Pradhan et al., 2001). Red pandas are native to central China and can also be found in bordering countries such as Myanmar,